H2 Hydrogen

Port of Amsterdam is committed to scaling up the production and use of hydrogen. Do you want to know more about this energy carrier and the hydrogen initiatives in the port of Amsterdam? Then read on or contact us!

Port of Amsterdam vanuit de lucht

Hydrogen for the port, city and region

Hydrogen (H2) is an energy carrier with a wide range of applications. Not only for the port, but also for the city and region. For example, green hydrogen can be used as a transport fuel, in households, for industry, as a sustainable industrial raw material or as energy storage (instead of batteries).

The port will soon be able to produce, import, store and transport green hydrogen. The hydrogen will also be processed as a raw material into other products, such as synthetic fuels, plastics and fertilisers.

Waterstof initiatief in de Amsterdamse haven

Mission H2: Working together to raise hydrogen awareness

Port of Amsterdam is promoting hydrogen as a sustainable energy carrier together with Gasunie, Shell, Remeha, Stedin, Groningen Seaports and the Dutch Olympic Team (TeamNL). The companies are aiming to raise awareness among the Dutch public about the sustainable options of hydrogen and to bring actual hydrogen projects and initiatives to the attention of the public.

The timing couldn't be better: hydrogen occupies an important place in the Dutch climate agreement; initiatives are emerging everywhere and Japan is profiling the 2020 Olympic Games as 'the Hydrogen games': hydrogen will power the games.  

For more information, visit the website of Mission H2

Remote video URL

Project H2ermes: green hydrogen for the Amsterdam region

Together with Nouryon & Tata Steel, we are investigating the establishment of a 100 MW hydrogen plant on the Tata Steel site in IJmuiden. This project, H2ermes, will make it possible to produce up to 15,000 tonnes of green hydrogen per year, using sustainable electricity. Oxygen is also produced in this process.

The project plays an import part in making the Amsterdam Metropolitan Area more sustainable because the hydrogen can be used in several ways. For example in public transport, for heating buildings or as a raw material for the development of new products and green fuels.

Waterstof Tankstation Amsterdam

Hydrogen filling station of Holthausen Energy Points

Holthausen Energy Points is going to build a hydrogen filling station at the Australiëhavenweg. From mid-2021 onwards, trucks and cars will be able to refuel hydrogen here 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The construction of the filling station will start in spring 2021 and will be completed after the summer. 

The station will also serve as a filling station, where hydrogen will be filled in cylinders. This filling station gives companies in the port easy and quick access to hydrogen for, for example, their (construction) generators and hoisting and lifting equipment, such as forklift trucks.

H2 Icoon baken

How can hydrogen help me to become more sustainable?

Would you like to become more sustainable? Then start thinking about using green H2 in your company or household. There are many applications for using hydrogen, such as:

Industrial raw material

Hydrogen has been used for decades as a raw material for purposes such as the production of fertilizers, the metal production industry and fuel production. In the Netherlands, hydrogen is currently produced by having steam react with natural gas, which produces hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2). This CO2 emission is avoided if CO2 neutral hydrogen (green hydrogen) is used. Port of Amsterdam, together with Nouryon and Tata Steel, is committed to scaling up the production of green hydrogen and making it available in the North Sea Canal area through the 100MW project. 

Are you interested in using green hydrogen as an industrial raw material? Or are you planning to establish yourself in the port of Amsterdam and do you require hydrogen? Please contact us, we're happy to help.

Mobility and transport

Hydrogen as a transport fuel is seen as a good option for CO2 neutral transport, provided that the hydrogen is produced from a renewable source. This has the big advantage that transport units no longer emit CO2 and other harmful elements (only water and energy are produced in the process).   

Hydrogen already presents several options for transport and mobility needs. They include hydrogen-powered passenger cars, but also trucks, hoisting and lifting equipment, and vessels.

Would you like to know more, don't hesitate to contact us. 

Energy carrier for industry

Hydrogen can be used to reduce the use of fossil fuels, provided that it is produced from renewable sources. In this process, energy-demanding processes can be converted to hydrogen. Examples include gas burners, steam generators, dryers, and so on. The hydrogen can be brought to the energy demand location using flexible transport (trucks, ships, etc.) and by means of a fixed transport solution in the form of a pipeline.   

Household energy

There are various ways of making households' heating needs more sustainable. The use of hydrogen is a realistic option in addition to electrification through the use of heat pumps or district heating. Hydrogen can be added to the current gas network, but central heating boilers can also operate entirely on hydrogen gas. Hydrogen gas can be supplied from the port of Amsterdam, where there is room for the production of hydrogen and where there are good connections to the regional gas network. 

Energy storage

Sustainable energy storage is essential to compensate for the surpluses and shortages of sustainable electricity production. Large-scale batteries are an option, but hydrogen can also perform this function well. Hydrogen is produced cheaply by producing hydrogen via electrolysis when ample solar or wind electricity is available. Where batteries lose their energy over time, hydrogen does not.  


All about hydrogen

Wouldn't it be better to use renewable electricity directly instead of converting it into hydrogen?

Electrifying the energy needs in industry, mobility and households is a good sustainability option. However, this is also very expensive, because it requires much more capacity from our electricity grid. Research conducted by the province of Noord-Holland, the municipality of Amsterdam and Port of Amsterdam in cooperation with network operators Gasunie, TenneT and Alliander has shown that investments in hydrogen infrastructure are needed to substantially relieve the electricity grid in Noord-Holland.

What is Port of Amsterdam's role in the hydrogen chain?

Port of Amsterdam sees green hydrogen as an important building block for the energy transition and a future product for the port. Since there is currently a classic chicken and egg dilemma (production is waiting for sufficient demand, while users are waiting for the production of green hydrogen at an attractive price), Port of Amsterdam is taking on the role of breaking this impasse. We are doing this by taking the initiative to use hydrogen for one of our vessels, by participating in research projects for large-scale electrolysis, and by informing and mobilising potential hydrogen buyers.

Isn't hydrogen dangerous?

Hydrogen is a combustible gas, just like natural gas. That is why we have to be careful and we need effective user regulations and standards, just as there are for natural gas. However, before hydrogen burns, the right ratio to oxygen is required in addition to a flame. Hydrogen is not explosive in and of itself.

What is hydrogen?

Hydrogen is the most common element in the universe and is found in about 70% of all matter. In its purest form, it is a colourless, flavourless and odourless gas: H2. Unlike fossil fuels, combusting hydrogen does not produce any harmful by-products. Only pure water is released. That is why hydrogen is a promising sustainable energy carrier.

Hydrogen binds directly to oxygen (H2O - water) on earth, which means that it is not directly available in pure form. Hydrogen must, therefore, be produced. This can be done by having steam react with natural gas, producing hydrogen (H2) and carbon dioxide (CO2). This production process releases CO2, which is why we call it grey hydrogen. 

Port of Amsterdam is committed to scaling up the production of green hydrogen through electrolysis: green electricity is used to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. With the arrival of large-scale wind farms off the coast, the NZKG is attractively positioned for the production of green hydrogen. The 100MW project in partnership with Nouryon and Tata Steel is a good example of this.

Is the use of hydrogen more dangerous than petrol, LPG or batteries?

Like any other fuel, hydrogen has its risks. However, with properly certified and professionally maintained equipment, the risks are no greater than in the case of LPG, for example. Hydrogen is officially classified as 'highly toxic and explosive' (class 2.1), but petrol and LPG are also highly flammable. In practice, there is rarely a risk of explosion because hydrogen is a light gas, so it rises rather than collecting just above the ground.

Can I use hydrogen for a forklift truck in an enclosed space such as a hall or shed?

Yes, provided the forklift is equipped with a fuel cell. With this system the hydrogen from the tank is brought into contact with oxygen (O₂) from the air. The reaction between the two substances releases electricity, which is used to drive an electric motor. A fuel cell only emits water (H₂O) and heat. There is therefore no question of a fuel being burned or harmful substances being released.

Contact our experts

For wishes, questions or more information about hydrogen

Eduard de Visser

Eduard de Visser

Head Strategy & Innovation
Strategie en Klimaattafel NZKG

+31 6 109 09 286
Floris van Foreest

Floris van Foreest

Sr. Consultant
Strategie & Innovatie

+31 6 820 54 829
Lees meer

Discover all liquid bulk cargo types